The Egyptian governmental body which oversees the state universities including Cairo University is the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. In 1976, the year Koike claims to have graduated from Cairo University, its minister was the prominent Egyptian politician Dr. Mustafa Kamal Helmy (he served as Minister from March 1976 to October 1978). Hatem and Helmy were both aides to President Sadat and were close to each other. Dr. Sufi Abu Taleb, President of Cairo University at the time, became the Speaker of the National Assembly in 1978 and served as acting President immediately after the assassination of President Sadat in 1981 and was also close to President Sadat. It should have been easy to issue a "fake degree certificate" when the inner circle works together.

President Sadat’s uncontrolled generosity to foreign dignitaries

The non-fiction book "Autumn of Fury; the Assassination of Sadat" (1983), describes how President Sadat took a large amount of ancient artifacts and burials from both the Cairo Museum and the vaults of the Department of Antiquities and gave them to foreign politicians and dignitaries hence draining the country of enormous wealth. The author of this book is Mohamed Heikal, a prominent figure who participated in the policy-making of Presidents Nasser and Sadat and served as Minister of National Guidance and Minister of Information. Heikal was the editor-in-chief of the national newspaper Al-Ahram which was called the voice of the Arab world.

Sadat presented President Tito of Yugoslavia with a 47.5cm high statue of Horus (god of the sky and sun with a falcon head), Secretary General Brezhnev of the Soviet Union with a 22cm high statue of Isis (goddess of Egyptian mythology) and the infant Horus, a necklace of precious stones to the Empress of Iran, a bronze statue of Thoth (god of wisdom and a figure of a ibis or baboon) to the Shah of Iran, and a statue of Osiris (god of production and a man wearing a crown) to the Shah's son-in-law Ardeshir Zahedi, a Thoth statue to Henry Kissinger, a necklaces made up of 23 pieces gold and 17 precious stones to the First Lady of U.S. President Nixon, a bronze statue of Isis with eyes inlaid with precious stones to President Nixon, a marble pot to Onassis of Greece, a 34cm high wooden Thoth statue (head and legs made from bronze) to French President Giscard d'Estaing and during his 1975 visit to Europe and the United States he presented two 65 cm and 57cm long necklaces of precious stones and a wooden statue of Thoth (tail and legs made from bronze).

Sadat’s wife Jihan also presented 23 cm high wooden and bronze Thoth statues to the first lady of Mexico. A 41cm high Thoth statue was given to the first lady of the Philippines. In August 1976 Sadat ordered by a telephone call the removal of antique pieces from the vaults of the Department of Antiquities. 12 pieces removed included a 114cm high statue. On the same day another telephone call ordered the removal of another 12 pieces statues including a bronze statue of Osiris and a statue of an ox from Sakkara. In November 1976 he presented the Empress of Iran with three antiquities; a 24cm high bronze statue of Osiris holding in his hands the thrones of Upper and Lower Egypt (the eyes inlaid with precious stones), a necklace with a gold pendant 64cm in length and a marble pot for perfume which had belonged to Nefertiti.

These are all antiquities and historical artifacts. "Autumn of Fury" contains more examples of these wrong doings. They are likely to be worth more than a billion US dollars when converted into current price. Compared to this, a hundred or two hundred fake degree certificates from state universities would be insignificant.

In "Autumn of Fury" author Heikal writes "Not since the days of Khedive Ismail had Egypt been the scene of looting on such a massive and organized scale as it was during the last years of President Sadat. Corruption spread from the top of the pyramid of Egyptian society to the bottom." "His generosity towards foreign politicians and others has been noted, and it must be assumed that this was not all a one-way traffic; Sadat was a receiver as well as giver of gifts.

Heikal points out that $8.75 million was paid into two anonymous Swiss bank accounts when Egypt Air purchased six 707s from Boeing on Sadat’s instruction. Also, following the Egyptian government’s decision to purchase Iranian-made buses at an unreasonably high price a Deputy of the Parliament Dr. Mahmoud el-Kadi tried to raise the matter at the parliament, but he was effectively silenced. Meanwhile, Egypt purchased steel from Spain at 70% inflated price and this was questioned in parliament but the matter was never investigated. Other cases that corruption is suspected is the Cairo’s telephone network system revamp project worth US$2billion and cement exports that was conducted at a lower price than the cement import price. Other suspected cases for corruption include contracts for Cairo's underground system project and nuclear power station project. Also, Arab Contractors, a major construction company owned by Osman Ahmad Osman whose son is married to Sadat's daughter, was siphoning off huge profits from public works while undertaking renovations of President Sadat’s house on the Pyramids Road for a mere 80 Egyptian Pounds (US$204).